What could be more complicated than wax, wicks? It’s not complicated at all. There is a science to candle making. These tips will help beginners to make candles.
Candle making is an age-old craft. However, it requires only a few steps and can result in a disappointing product if you don’t have the right materials or knowledge about the process. The wax could quickly dissolve the wick, and the scent may disappear. Or the candle might get so hot that it melts the container in which it is stored.
Aussie Candle Supplies, as well as other candle supply companies, offer a wealth of information online about materials and candle-making processes for first-time candle makers. These are just a few highlights and some useful resources for those who want to be a candle maker.
According to the National Candle Association, wicked candles were made thousands of years ago by early civilizations using readily available materials. The Romans used papyrus to roll and then dipped in melted beeswax or tallow. Japanese candle makers used tree-nut wax to make candles. In India, candle wax was made from the early fruits of cinnamon trees.
As waxes and other wicks have become more popular over the years, so has the material used to make candles? The 18th century saw the popularity of sperm whale oil as a wax ingredient. It was more durable than beeswax tallow, had a brighter glow, and didn’t emit a strong odor when it was burned. In the 1850s, chemists separated petroleum wax and refined it to make paraffin wax. This wax is still used in candle-making today.
The modern candle maker uses a variety of waxes and wax mixtures.
Each wax type has its own unique properties, which can make them more or less attractive to candle makers. Beeswax, which is a byproduct of bees making honey, has a golden color and emits a subtle sweet smell. It can also be used to make taper and pillar candles. The natural scent of beeswax can mask or alter any additional fragrances.
Soy wax, which has been increasing in popularity in recent times, is soft and best suited to container candles. Although this wax can throw an aroma better than beeswax it is not as effective as paraffin wax.
Paraffin wax is a well-known ingredient for creating scents. However, some candle-makers are reluctant to use it because of its “carcinogenic properties,” according the US Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Paraffin wax fumes are not toxic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, they can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system.
Binder also mentioned palm wax and coconut wax as popular waxes. You can mix waxes together with recipes or by careful experimentation.
Scent, size and shape
There are many types of candles. However, container candles are the most common. These candles can be made in many sizes and shapes.
You can make a container candle by heating the wax to 180 degrees Fahrenheit. A thermometer is required for this step. You can then add dyes or scents to the wax while it is still liquid.
There is some controversy about the scents that can be used in candles. Some people use essential oils in combination, while others use candle-making supplies companies’ specific fragrances.
It is recommended that you add a fragrance designed for candle-making to the wax at its hottest point so it blends well. You may need to wait until the wax cools down before adding essential oils. This is to ensure that the oils don’t vaporize or break down. Different essential oils can vaporize or catch fire at different temperatures. This is known as their flash point, and it is usually below 180 degrees Fahrenheit for most oils. Flash points for oils vary depending on the source and batch. To help customers make informed choices, some oil suppliers provide charts with flash points.
There are specific dyes that can be used to color candles. However, different wax types will show these dyes differently. Soy wax, for example, tends to make colors more pastel-like.
After adding the fragrance and color, the wax can be poured into a container. A wick is usually placed in the middle, often suspended from a pencil, or other object that can span the container’s rim.