What Are The Five Most Common Types Of Mood Disorders?

Mood disorders can refer to a variety of mental illnesses that affect mood and other functions. A mood disorder can affect daily living and lead to behavior disturbances such as sadness, anger, and irritability.

There are five types of mood disorders

1. Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder can also be called manic depression. This disorder is characterized by episodes that alternate between depression and mania. Manic depression episodes are marked by extreme happiness, high energy, and a high level of mood.

You can subdivide bipolar disorder into four types.

Bipolar I: A person with bipolar disorder that experiences manic episodes for up to seven days. They may also exhibit symptoms of depression. Sometimes manic symptoms can become so severe that the patient needs to be admitted to the hospital. Depression symptoms may last up to two weeks.

Bipolar II is a bipolar disorder in which a person has both depression and mania. Bipolar II (hypomania) is more mild than bipolar I (depression). The depression episode can last longer, and it may occur after or before a manic episode.

Cyclothymic Disorder – Also known as Cyclothymia or Cyclothymic Disorder, cyclothymia can cause a person to experience an unrelated series of “highs”, “lows”, and other mood changes throughout the day. Cyclothymic disorder, although a milder version of bipolar disorder than more severe forms can impact a person’s daily activities.

Other types of bipolar disorders: Type IV is for people who have symptoms that aren’t related to other bipolar disorders.

2. Major depressive disorder

Major depression is defined by a severe and prolonged low mood, extreme sadness, irritability, or a sense that you are afraid. A person with severe depression might have difficulty recognizing the things they love.

Depression can cause more than sadness, feeling down, feeling hopeless, or feeling depression. Major depression symptoms usually last at most for two weeks but can sometimes last for months, if not years.

3. Dysthymia

Dysthymia is also known as persistent, depressive disorder (PDD), which is mild depression that lasts a long while. It can strike adults as early as 2 years old and adolescents up to one year later.

4. A mood disorder that’s related to another condition

Depression can be caused in part by underlying conditions, such as HIV or cancer.

5. Substance-induced Depression

Substance-induced, also known as opioid-induced, depression is a general diagnosis. It includes opioid-induced and depressive disorders. It is when someone has persistent depressive symptoms following withdrawal, dosage reductions, and/or use of opioids.

What are the symptoms and signs of mood disorders?

A mental Health professional may conduct tests to evaluate mood stability and mental health, even if there are no other conditions.

Many people avoid treatment due to the stigma associated with mood disorders. Many people do not seek treatment for mood disorders.

What are the available treatment options for mood disorders?

People with mood disorders can live productive and stable lives when they are properly treated. There are many options for mood disorders treatment.

Treatment of depression: It is possible to use antidepressants, mood-stabilizing medication, and psychotherapy together.

Psychotherapy is a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy. It helps people change how they see the world and their perceptions. It helps them to build interpersonal relationships, identify triggers and find ways to avoid them.

Family counseling: Support from the family is vital for treatment and therapy. Families can help make the process more manageable by including them in the treatment and helping them understand the situation.